Funding Agency: Asian Development Bank (ADB) / Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction (JFPR)
Client: Asian Development Bank (ADB)
Date: Aug. 2013 – July 2014
The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is financing a research and development technical assistance (TA) to support the identification, assessment, and design of new investments for more sustainable, water-efficient irrigated agriculture. The TA responds directly to ADB’s operational plan for sustainable food security and ADB’s water operational plan for 2011–2020, which call for improving the productivity and efficiency of water use through (i) investing in modern irrigation infrastructure, (ii) adopting enabling policies that correctly price the opportunity cost of water, and (iii) strengthening institutions for more efficient and sustainable water management. The TA will involve two interrelated components named Task 1 and Task 2.
Task 1: A comprehensive synthesis of state-of-the-art knowledge and international best practices in water efficient irrigated agriculture, including preparation of a detailed analytical framework for raising water use efficiency in irrigated agriculture in the different agro-ecosystems and irrigation domains of Asia.
Task 2: Involve country studies and capacity building to support the application of innovative water-efficient technologies and management systems in the design and implementation of ADB investment projects in Bangladesh, India, and Nepal.
India: Supporting the implementation of the National Water Mission by financing a scoping study for a National Water Use Efficiency Improvement (WUEI) Support Program. The outcome of the study will be to deliver a program concept addressing states and central agencies’ constraints to successfully implement the National Water Mission and 12th Five Year Plan water reform agenda in relation to water use efficiency.
Bangladesh: The TA will focus on the improvement of the management of the 23,000 ha Muhuri Irrigation System, which will be the anchor for the TA activities.
Nepal: TA will be linked the proposed 2013 Bagmati River Basin Improvement Project, which will focus on improving water security through integrated River Basin management and increased water availability in dry season.
Overall Services provided:
TMS, as national partner to Lahmeyer International Gmbh, provided services for exploring two opportunities in detail: (i) the potential for greater conjunctive use of surface and groundwater, mainly in the Bagmati River basin’s lower reaches; and (ii) the scope for improving water use efficiency in farmer-managed schemes in the Bagmati River basin’s upper reach in the Kathmandu Valley, including through higher-valued crops and agronomic practices with lower water requirements, rainwater harvesting, and new on-farm irrigation with carefully targeted (“smart”) subsidies (e.g. for adoption of micro-irrigation) that encourage farmers to conserve water.
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